Medical Courses

The “Medical field” is one of the best, reputed, and respected professional fields in India and abroad.

When we talk about Medical, an image of an MBBS rises in our mind.

It is not so!!

There are various courses other than MBBS, in the medical field in India.

But the question is still there!

What is the best medical course after 12th in science and after 12th in biology?

Are you still waiting for the answer of…………….?

What should I do after 12th in the medical field?

So listen carefully.

Are you interested in medicines, formulations, diseases, diagnosis, wearing a white coat; serve the human and humanity and medicinal research?

Yes? Then go ahead……for medical.

Medicine courses are offered in various specializations including medical and biomedical sciences, pharmacy, allied health, nursing, health, and fitness. A course in medicine and health sciences requires students to learn and abide by the Hippocratic Oath for ethical conduct which says, that as a medical practitioner a person needs to practice arts and science of medicine honestly in all aspects i.e. patient care, teaching, and research. Students holding a degree in medical and health science will get career opportunities from Hospitals, Private clinics in the healthcare sector. A medical and health science graduate can work with research centers, laboratories, and Pharmaceuticals Industry.

To pursue a career in medicine and health science, one must have a degree in medical specialization. The courses offered under Medical and Health Science are – MBBS, BDS, BPharm, BSc in Nursing, Public Health, Bachelor in Optometry, and more specializations. To become successful in the medical and health science field, one needs to specialize by going for post-graduation and research studies in medicine.

Healthcare is one of the largest service sectors comprising hospitals, medical equipment, clinical procedures, telecommunication and IT for the medical field, medical tourism, and health insurance.

Medicine & Health Sciences Eligibility and Entrance Exams

  • Candidates must have passed Class 10+2/higher Secondary/Pre-University qualifying examination with Science subjects i.e. Physics, Chemistry and Zoology/Botany.
  • They also must have studied English as the main subject for their qualifying examination.
  • Moreover, candidates also need to fulfil the age limit criteria i.e. they must have completed 17 years of age at the time of admissions.
  • There are additional eligibility conditions such as mentioned by the regulatory authorities for respective discipline i.e. Medical Council of India (MCI), Dental Council of Indian, and Indian Nursing Council, Pharmacy Council of India, Indian Association of Physiotherapist and respective association/council for other medical and health science courses.

Course & Admission

The medical field contains a broad range of academic education other than MBBS. It contains certificate courses, medical diploma courses, bachelor degree courses, master degree courses, and many short-time knowledge booster courses for medical professionals. The candidates having PCB or PCMB group in their +2 can appear in the NEET 2021 exam for admission to the top medical colleges of the country.

Various institutions and university from abroad and in India is offering some of the medical courses by Online. IGNOU is one of the leading universities that provide education in the medical field by online admission.

For admission to a bachelor’s degree, the students must have to prepare for the medical entrance test after the 12th standard. The students must have science with Biology in 12th standard.

NEET is the only national-level medical entrance test after the 12th. Some universities like AIIMS & JIPMER 2021 conduct their own entrance examination.

It is an expanded field of educational study and there are so many courses including medical diploma courses, degree courses, certificate courses, and lab technical courses & other medical technology courses.

You may also check:

AIIMS 2021
NEET PG 2021

Jobs & Career

Medical courses are in demand and fast-growing. It is a hard-working field but a reputed one also. The patients are being cured 24×7.

The healthcare industry is very large and around 14 million jobs are in the US only.

The career is divided at the level of your education in the medical field. Whether you have a diploma or bachelor’s degree or master’s degree, you are in a race for a good career.

After the completion of the medical course, you can choose the right organization or industry, or hospital.

There are so many industries, organizations, pharmaceutics, hospital, research laboratories, and related industries in India and abroad.

Some leading employers in the field of health care areas the following (recruiters in the medical field):

  • Acrux
  • Australian Pharmaceutical Industries
  • Biota Holdings Limited
  • Black mores
  • CSL Limited
  • Chemeq
  • Cochlear Limited
  • Health scope
  • Hexal Australia
  • Mesoblast
  • NIB Holdings
  • Prima Biomed
  • ResMed
  • Sigma Pharmaceutical


The medical field is one of the highest salary paying fields in India and abroad. Today, in the US, the demand for well-skilled and educated medical candidates is rising.

Being of a big pool of different courses, the medical field offers the student a wide range of good salaries.

If you have MD or MS degree you will get $500000 to 1000000 per annum.

If you have done the bachelor, you can earn the $100000 to 300000 per annum.

If you possess the technician, nursing, or assistance course, you can get the $50000 to 100000 per annum.

List of Medical Courses

The best medical courses are as the following:

  1. M. B. B. S. (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) – 5.5 years

MBBS is the bachelor’s degree in the medical field for cure & diagnosis, awarded in many countries.

  1. B. D. S. (Bachelor of Dental Surgery) – 4 years

BDS is a professional degree program in dentistry.

  1. B. H. M. S. (Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine & Surgery) – 5.5 years

BHMS is a bachelor’s degree in Homeopathic Education in India regulated by the National Institute of Homeopathy.

  1. B. A. M. S. (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery) – 5.5 years

BAMS is a bachelor’s degree in the ayurvedic system of the medical field. In India, Ayurvedic Education is regulated by the Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM).

  1. M.D. (Doctor of Medicine) – 3 years

This degree is awarded to doctors who are physicians. The minimum eligibility for this course is MBBS.

  1. M.S. (Master of Surgery) – 3 years

This degree is awarded to doctors who master courses in surgery. The minimum eligibility for this course is MBBS.

  1. D.M (Doctorate in Medicine) – 2 to 3 years

DM is a doctorate degree equivalent to the Ph.D. degree awarded by many universities in the USA. Doctors with having M.D degrees are eligible for this course.

  1. B.Pharm (Bachelor of Pharmacy) – 4 years
  1. B.Sc Nursing – 4 years

Candidate must have passed 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry & Biology with a minimum of 45% marks. The motive of B.Sc. The nursing program is to produce the qualified nurses, as a member of the health care team.

  1. B.P.T (Physiotherapy) – 4.5 years

Candidate must have passed in 12th class or equivalent with a minimum of 50% marks in physics, chemistry, and biology. Physiotherapy helps temporary disabled people in their rehabilitation.

  1. B.O.T (Occupational Therapy) – 3 years

Candidate must have passed 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry & Biology. Some institutions may opt for an entrance examination. Occupational Therapy helps people to enable in their everyday life and treats emotionally and physically challenged people.

  1. B.U.M.S (Unani Medicine) – 5.5 years

BUMS degree is equivalent to the BAMS but in Unani medicines. Candidate must have passed 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry & Biology. Urdu is compulsory up to 10th class or equivalent Education. The candidate must have attained a minimum of 17 years of age at admission.

  1. D.Pharm (Ayurvedic, Siddha Medicine) – 2 years

It is a medical diploma course in the pharmacy of ayurvedic medicines. Candidate must have passed 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry & Biology.

  1. BMLT (Bachelor of Medical Lab Technicians) – 3 year

It is a bachelor’s degree in medical laboratory technology, contains the entire laboratory practices of the medical system. The candidate must have cleared the 10+2 exam with PCB. Various institutions are offering the B.Sc. program in medical laboratory technology in India.

  1. DMLT (Diploma of Medical Lab Technicians) – 1 year

It is a medical diploma course of medical laboratory technology, contains the laboratory practices of the medical field. The candidate must have cleared the 10+2 exam with PCB.

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Medicine & Health Sciences Skillset

Every medical and health sciences practitioner must have below mentioned skill set to be the best in the industry:

Ability to work in Critical and Dynamic EnvironmentDedication towards professional commitments and medical ethics
Desire for knowledge and learning new researchScientific Research and Development Skills
Sharp Memory and Prompt ApproachCommunication and Interpersonal Skills
Counseling and caring skillsApproachable and Empathetic skills
Medical writing skillsPatience and Perseverance

Medicine & Health Sciences Syllabus

Check below syllabus for Medicine and Health Science courses:

Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)
BiochemistryCommunity Medicine
PhysiologyDermatology & Venereology
Forensic Medicine & ToxicologyMedicine
MicrobiologyObstetrics & Gynecology
Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS)
General Human Anatomy including Embryology, Osteology and HistologyGeneral Human Physiology, BiochemistryGeneral Medicine
Nutrition and DieteticsGeneral Surgery
Dental materialsOral Pathology and Microbiology
General PathologyOrthodontics
General and Dental Pharmacology and TherapeuticsPedodontics
Oral and Dental Anatomy, Physiology and HistologyProsthodontics and Crown & Bridge 
Conservative Dentistry and EndodonticsOral Surgery, Local Anesthesia, and General Anesthesia
Oral Medicine and RoentgenologyCommunity Dentistry
BSc Nursing
BiochemistrySkin & Communicable diseases
Fundamentals of Nursing, First aid with appliedGynae
Sciences and PharmacologyGeneral Med. Surg.
Introduction to community healthApplied pharmacology
PsychologyPsychiatric Nursing
Introduction to medical-surgical nursingO.T. Technique
Med. Surg. NursingMicrobiology
Health Education & A.V. Aids.M.C.H.
Med. Surg. Nursing (specialty nursing) ICUSociology & Social Medicine
Pediatric Nursing & Growth & DevelopmentTrends in Nursing & Professional adjustment
Public Health NursingMidwifery & Obstetrical Nursing
Principles of administration & supervisionElective-Introduction to Research and statistics
Public Health (The discipline is offered at certificate, diploma, postgraduate or doctorate level only)
Social and Preventive PharmacyIntroduction to Public health
Pharma Marketing ManagementEpidemiology
Pharmaceutical Regulatory ScienceBiostatistics and Data Management
PharmacovigilanceSocial and behavioral sciences in health
Quality Control and Standardization ofEnvironmental (incorporating climate change) and Occupational Health
HerbalsHealth Policy & Management
Computer-Aided Drug DesignResearch methods
DemographyNon-communicable diseases including Mental Health
Seminar on National Health programsSeminars on gender, vulnerable population, emerging issues
Global HealthDisaster preparedness & management
Leadership, Communication and Training Skills Reproductive and Child Health Urban HealthMonitoring& Evaluation (including RHIS)
Public Health NutritionPublic Health Ethics and Laws
Communicable diseases including surveillanceScientific writing
Bachelor of Physiotherapy
AnatomyOrientation to Physiotherapy
PsychologyExercise Therapy
Basic NursingResearch Methodology & Biostatistics
First Aid & CPROrthopedics and Sports
Introduction to TreatmentPhysiotherapy
Clinical Observation PostingCardio-Respiratory & General Physiotherapy
General MedicineSupervised Rotatory Clinical Training
General SurgeryNeurology & Neurosurgery
Orthopedics & TraumatologyCommunity Medicine
Neuro-PhysiotherapySupervised Rotatory Clinical Training
Community-Based RehabilitationEthics, Administration and Supervision

Medicine & Health Sciences Jobs and Career Opportunities

As seen above, there are various courses which fall under the category of ‘Medical Courses’. Therefore the job and career opportunities for these courses are also varied. Candidates can refer to the table below to know about the career options if they choose to pursue any of the above medical courses.

Job ProfilesAverage Salary
Registered NurseRs. 2.90 Lakh and above
Medical ResearcherRs. 7.20 Lakh and above
Medical Science LiaisonRs. 7 Lakh and above
General SurgeonRs. 5 Lakh and above
PhysiotherapistRs. 3 Lakh and above
AnesthesiologistRs. 12 Lakh and above
Healthcare ConsultantRs. 12.20 Lakh and above
Medical OfficerRs. 5.80 Lakh and above
Medical Laboratory TechnicianRs. 2 Lakh and above
Environmental Health and Safety ManagerRs. 9 Lakh and above
Healthcare ManagerRs. 6 Lakh and above
Nurse Educator/TrainerRs. 3.50 Lakh and above

Medicine & Health Sciences Top Recruiters

The top recruiters for medical and health sciences degree holders are majorly Hospitals, Medical Research Centres, and Pharmaceuticals, etc. A person holding a degree in medical and health sciences can also practice from their own clinic after getting a Licence from their regulatory authority:

Indraprastha Apollo HospitalsLilavati Hospital and Research Centre
Medanta HospitalsWockhardt Ltd.
Fortis Healthcare Ltd.Apollo Hospitals Enterprises Ltd.
All India Institute of Medical SciencesCipla Ltd.
Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd.Religare Health Insurance Company Ltd.
Apollo Munich Health Industries Co. Ltd.Omega Healthcare
Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and ResearchUnited Healthcare Group
Sri Ganga Ram HospitalMax Healthcare

Medicine Courses: Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q. What are the best medical courses in India?

A. The colleges/ universities offer all medical and allied courses, but the most sought after courses in India are:

  • MBBS
  • BDS
  • BAMS (Ayurvedic)
  • BHMS (Homoeopathy)
  • BUMS (Unani)
  • Bachelor of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry (B.VSc AH)
  • Bachelor of Naturopathy & Yogic Science (BNYS)
  • Bachelor of Physiotherapy

Q. What are the medical courses without NEET?

A. There are various medical courses that one can pursue without appearing for NEET. Some of the popular medical courses are as follows: Biochemist, Pharmacist, Biotechnologist, Veternitarian, Food Technology, Naturopathy and Yogic Sciences, Clinical Research, etc.

Q. What options do I have if I want to do a medicine certification course?

A. There are a lot of 6 months – 1-year certificate medical courses, however, the eligibility criteria for each course may be different. Candidates are thus advised to go through the eligibility criteria for the course he/ she wants to pursue before applying for it. 

Yoga and naturopathy

Public health management

Yoga teacher’s training

Food and nutrition

Medical lab technology

Q. Which medical courses can I pursue after BSc?

A. Numerous options are available for candidates after completing BSc. Some of the popular medical courses that one can choose from are: MBBS, BDS, BUMS, BHMS, BAMS, MSc, MBA in hospital administration, pharmacy, psychology, etc.

Q. Which medical course can a student with PCM opt for?

A. There are not many medical courses that you can choose if did not have Biology in class XII. However, you can choose from among the following few courses that are related to medicine:

  • BSc in radiography
  • Biomedical engineering
  • Biotechnology
  • Pharmacy